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Peritoneal Cancer


Peritoneal cancer is a rare but serious form of cancer that develops in the peritoneum, a thin layer  that lines the abdomen and covers most of the organs within it. This type of cancer can be challenging to diagnose as its symptoms often mimic other conditions and may not appear until the disease is advanced.

 However, with cutting-edge diagnostic tools and treatments including surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy, there are options for managing this disease. Early detection and a comprehensive treatment plan are crucial for improving patient outcomes. Understanding the nature of this disease is the first step towards combating it.

Understanding Peritoneal Cancer

Peritoneal cancer is a rare type of cancer that develops in the peritoneum, a thin, delicate sheet that lines the inside wall of the abdomen and covers the uterus, bladder, and rectum. This layer produces a fluid that helps organs move smoothly against each other as they perform their functions.

Peritoneal cancer is often confused with stomach or colorectal cancer because of its location, but it’s a distinct disease. It can spread to any organ in the abdomen and is most common in women, particularly those who have had ovarian cancer. The symptoms can be vague and similar to other conditions, making it challenging to diagnose at an early stage.

Treatment options for peritoneal cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these. The choice of treatment depends on various factors, including the stage of cancer, the patient’s overall health, and personal preferences. Despite its challenges, advances in medical science are continually improving the prognosis and quality of life for people with this condition. 

Types of Peritoneal Cancer

Peritoneal cancer can occur in various forms, each with unique characteristics and patterns of growth. Here are the primary types:

  1. Primary Peritoneal Cancer (PPC): This is the most common type of peritoneal cancer, often occurring in women who carry a genetic mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. It resembles ovarian cancer in its symptoms, behavior, and treatment.

    2.Peritoneal Mesothelioma: This rare form of cancer is typically caused by exposure to asbestos. It affects the mesothelial cells, which form the lining of the peritoneum.

    3.Pseudomyxoma Peritonei (PMP):
    A rare condition often originating from appendix tumors, PMP causes mucus to accumulate in the peritoneal cavity. If not treated, it can lead to complications such as blockage of the intestine.

    4.Secondary Peritoneal Cancer: Also known as peritoneal carcinomatosis, this occurs when cancer from other parts of the body, like the ovaries, stomach, colon, or pancreas, spreads to the peritoneum.

Each type of peritoneal cancer requires a different approach to treatment, making an accurate diagnosis crucial. Despite the challenges, advancements in medical technology and therapeutics are continually improving the prognosis and quality of life for patients with these conditions.

Signs and symptoms of Peritoneal Cancer

Peritoneal cancer often presents with subtle symptoms in the early stages, which can make it challenging to diagnose. However, as the disease progresses, more noticeable signs and symptoms may include:

1.Abdominal discomfort or pain
2.Bloating or feeling full quickly
3.Changes in bowel habits
4.Unusual vaginal bleeding
5.Nausea or vomiting
6.Unexplained weight loss or gain

It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be associated with many other health conditions, so experiencing them doesn’t necessarily mean you have peritoneal cancer. However, if you’re experiencing persistent or worsening symptoms, it’s crucial to seek medical advice to determine the cause and start any necessary treatment promptly. 

Diagnosis of Peritoneal Cancer

Diagnosing peritoneal cancer often involves a series of steps:

  1. Medical History and Physical Examination: Your oncologist will first review your medical history, ask about any symptoms you’ve been experiencing, and perform a physical examination.

  2. Imaging Tests: These may include ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI to create pictures of the inside of your body. These images can help identify any abnormalities, such as tumors, in the peritoneum.

  3. Laboratory Tests: Blood tests may be performed to check for elevated levels of certain proteins, such as CA-125, which can be indicative of peritoneal cancer.

  4. Biopsy: This is usually the most definitive way to diagnose peritoneal cancer. A small sample of tissue from the peritoneum is removed and examined under a microscope to look for cancer cells.

  5. Laparoscopy: This surgical procedure allows doctors to examine the peritoneum and abdominal organs directly. A thin tube with a camera (laparoscope) is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen, providing a clear view of the area.

  6. Genetic Testing: If you have a family history of peritoneal, ovarian, or breast cancer, genetic testing may be recommended to check for gene mutations like BRCA1 or BRCA2, which increase the risk of these cancers.

Remember, if you’re experiencing persistent symptoms, it’s crucial to consult an oncologist promptly. Early detection improves the chances of successful treatment. 

Treatment of Peritoneal Cancer

The treatment of peritoneal cancer often involves a multi-modal approach which may include the following:

  1. Surgery: The primary treatment for peritoneal cancer is usually cytoreductive surgery, aimed at removing as much of the cancer as possible. This can involve removing parts of the peritoneum and other affected organs.

  2. Chemotherapy: This is often given after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells. It can be administered intravenously or directly into the abdomen (intraperitoneal chemotherapy).

  3. Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC): This treatment combines surgery with heated chemotherapy. After surgical removal of visible tumors, the abdominal cavity is bathed in heated chemotherapy drugs to kill any remaining cancer cells.

  4. Targeted Therapy: These are drugs that specifically target the changes in cancer cells that help them grow, divide, and spread.

  5. Immunotherapy: This treatment boosts the body’s natural defenses to fight cancer. It uses substances made by the body or in a lab to improve or restore immune system function.

  6. Palliative Care: This type of care is focused on providing relief from the symptoms and stress of a serious illness like peritoneal cancer. The goal is to improve the quality of life for both the patient and the family.

  7. Clinical Trials: New treatments for peritoneal cancer are continually being studied. Clinical trials might be an option for some patients.

The choice of treatment depends on various factors including the stage of the cancer, the patient’s overall health, and personal preferences. Always consult with your oncologist to understand the best options for you.


Don't Ignore The Signs!


Consult  Peritoneal Cancer Specialist in Mumbai if you experience any esophageal cancer symptoms.


Peritoneal cancer is a serious and complex condition that requires a comprehensive and personalized approach to diagnosis and treatment. At our healthcare center, we offer a range of services for peritoneal cancer patients, from advanced diagnostic procedures to innovative treatments.

Our multidisciplinary team of experts is committed to providing the highest quality care, ensuring each patient’s unique needs are met. We believe in a patient-centered approach, involving you in every decision and providing support at every step of your journey. With the latest research, advanced technology, and compassionate care, we strive to improve outcomes and enhance the quality of life for our patients with peritoneal cancer.

FAQs Related To Esophageal cancer

When should I see an esophageal cancer specialist?

Some signs and symptoms should not be ignored like:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • A feeling of a lump near the throat or chest.
  • Pain behind your breastbone.
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion
  • Painful and difficult swallowing

If you notice any such symptoms, consult an esophageal cancer specialist right away. These signs don’t necessarily mean you have cancer. However, they might show an abnormal function in your body that needs medical attention.

Where does esophageal cancer spread first?

Esophageal cancer starts in the innermost layer of the esophagus. When it grows and spreads, it can affect nearby lymph nodes and enter the bloodstream. Esophageal cancer can reach other organs and affect them as well. There are chances that cancer reaches and affects the liver or sometimes lungs.

Is esophagectomy a major surgery?

Esophagectomy is a surgical process to remove a part or all of your esophagus. This is done to remove cancerous cells or relieve symptoms of cancer. Next, it is attached directly to the stomach. It is commonly used for advanced esophageal cancer and occasional for Barrett’s esophagus.

Esophagectomy is a crucial surgery for patients with esophageal cancer. It helps remove cancer and relieve symptoms when no other treatments are working.

What should I do to prepare for esophageal cancer surgery?

Before an esophageal cancer surgery or an esophagectomy, your doctor will discuss all your concerns. If you smoke, your doctor will help you quit as smoking can worsen the side effects after the surgery.

Your doctor will also ask you about your regular medicine and guide you on how long you can take them before the surgery. He will also guide you on any additional food or nutrients you need before the night of the surgery.

You may be asked to bring certain items to the hospital on surgery day like certain medication, personal items, comfortable clothes, etc.

What should I expect after esophageal cancer surgery?

After the surgery has been done, your doctor will recommend tube feeding. It is a small tube placed into your abdomen and connected to the small bowel. This continues for four to six weeks to ensure adequate nutrition while recovering.

Once everything is normal, doctors remove the pipe. You will feel all well within a few weeks. If you notice any unusual symptoms, report it to your doctor at the earliest.

How do you find the best esophageal cancer treatment center for me?

The best esophageal cancer treatment center is one that has experts with vast knowledge. Expert surgeries like esophagectomy need high expertise and skill to perform them well. If you have esophageal cancer, you can book an appointment with our expert Dr. Praveen Kammar to start your treatment right away.

Dr. Praveen Kammar and his team have done many esophageal surgeries in the past with maximum positive results. When you choose us, you choose safe hands that care for you at all treatment steps.

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    Why Dr. Praveen Kammar

    A Surgical Oncologist Practicing In The City Of Mumbai

    • Experience of a decade in treating cancer
    • Expertise in Laparoscopic cancer surgery, Robotic cancer surgery
    • Expertise in Digestive System Cancers, Colorectal cancers , Peritoneal cancers, advanced abdominal cancers
    • Expertise in Cytoreductive Surgery, HIPEC, PIPAC
    • Affiliated to all major hospitals in Mumbai
    • Consultations at a center near you
    • Excellent support staff to help you during treatment
    • Home care services
    • 360 degree care

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